New from 2017
The prohibited list 2017
The 2017 List of Prohibited Substances is valid from 1 January 2017 and replaces all other previous lists.
The list’s structure and the substance classes and methods remain unchanged. There have been some minor changes in the following areas:
S1 anabolic agents: Some anabolic agents formerly classed as exogenous have now been reclassed as endogenous. This does not have an effect on their use by athletes; these substances are still prohibited at all times. The change only affects laboratory analysis and result management.
S2 Peptide hormones, growth factors, related substances and mimetics: Some substances which directly or indirectly stimulate erythropoiesis have been added to the list. This does not have any practical consequences for athletes, as all the newly listed substances are only contained in special medicines taken on medical advice and used in severe cases of kidney disease, anaemia and certain blood disorders.
S3 Beta-2-agonists: Beta-2-agonists have an anabolic effect (and are therefore prohibited in general) but are also used in the treatment of asthma. The 2017 list mentions now the most common prohibited beta-2-agonists. Hoewever, Salbutamol, Formoterol and Salmeterol are permitted to treat asthma by inhalation up to a fixed maximum dose. As long as these daily dosages are observed, no therapeutic use exemption (TUE) is required to take these substances. Please note that from 1 January 2017 there is a new maximum dosage per 12 hours for Salbutamol and a new maximum dosage per 24 hours for Salmeterol. If the dose needs to be increased for medical reasons or another beta-2-agonist is needed in asthma treatment, a TUE is required. Pool athletes must do this prior to taking the substance.
In addition, the beta-2-agonist higenamine has now been explicitly prohibited. Higenamine is not permitted as an active substance in Switzerland, although it does occur naturally in some Asian plants. It may therefore be found in some food supplements, for example in products advertised as pre-workout or weight loss supplements.
S4 Hormones and metabolic modulators: A further aromatase inhibitor has been added to the 2017 list. This does not have any practical consequences for athletes, as aromatase inhibitors are only taken on medical advice, for example in the treatment of breast cancer.
M1 Prohibited methods: It is now specifically stated that inhaling oxygen is not a prohibited method.
S6 Stimulants: Lisdexamfetamine is now explicitly listed as a non-specific stimulant. Lisdexamfetamine is used to treat attention deficit and hyperactivity disorders, among other things, and requires a TUE (pool athletes must obtain this in advance).
S7 Narcotics: Nicomorphine is a new addition to the 2017 list. It is broken down in the body to produce morphine. There are no practical consequences for athletes, as nicomorphine is classed as a narcotic and so is not contained in common medicines.
Testing Pools 2016
The classification criteria for different testing pools have been slightly adjusted as from 1st of January 2016. In particular, all pool athletes – regardless of their specific testing pool – have to hand in a TUE in advance. Athletes directly affected by these changes will be informed in written form by Antidoping Switzerland.
Everything one needs to know about testing pools in individual sports.
Everything one needs to know about testing pools in team sports.
The prohibited list 2016
There have only been small changes to the prohibited list.
New from 2015
The revised Swiss Olympic Doping Statute was approved by the Sports Parliament at its 18th meeting held on 28 November 2014. It replaces that of 2010 and enters into effect on 1 January 2015. The Statute is the implementation of the World Anti-Doping Code in Switzerland. It begins by defining the bodies involved in the campaign against doping in Switzerland - Antidoping Switzerland and Swiss Olympic’s Disciplinary Chamber for Doping Cases – and their responsibilities.
The revised Statute came into force on 1 January 2015.
These are the most important provisions of the Doping Statute:
Art. 2 Anti-Doping Rule Violations
Art. 5 Testing and Investigations
Art. 7 Results Management
Art. 8 Scope of Application
Art. 10 Sanctions on Individuals
Art. 13 Appeals
Art. 14 Confidentiality and Reporting
Art. 15 Application and Recognition of Decisions
Art. 18 Education
Art. 20 Responsibilities of Federations and their Members
The main changes to the Statute in effect from 1 January 2015 are as follows:
- The standard sanction for intentional doping has been increased to a four-year ban.
- The new regulation does allow for a considerably less severe sanction in individual cases (minimum: warning without ban, maximum: two-year ban) if an athlete can demonstrate “no significant fault”, in particular due to a contaminated product.
- Two new doping violations have been introduced: “Complicity” and “Prohibited Association”. These are now doping offences.
- The time period during which an athlete can accumulate three missed controls or whereabouts failures has been reduced from 18 to 12 months. The new rule of thumb is 3/12 rather than 3/18 as before.
- The statute of limitations has been extended to ten years. This means that a doping sample can be frozen and kept for up to ten years for testing purposes.
- International federations (IFs) and national anti-doping agencies (NADOs) now recognise each others’ therapeutic use exemptions (TUEs).
- There are new criteria for determining the length of a ban imposed for a second anti-doping offence by an athlete or other person.
- There are new provisions regarding an athlete’s return to training during suspension.
- The members of Swiss Olympic are required to engage in doping prevention activities in agreement and conjunction with the Antidoping Switzerland Foundation.
Below is a selection of the main principles of the Doping Statute:
- All prohibited substances shall be considered as specified substances except substances in the classes of anabolic agents and hormones and those stimulants and hormone antagonists and modulators which are not listed as specified substances on the Prohibited List. Prohibited methods are not considered as specified substances.
- A temporary suspension can be imposed immediately if an athlete tests positive to an A-test. It must be imposed if the application of non-specified substances or methods can be proved;
- The definitions and comments form an integral part of the Doping Statute.