A doping control involves taking urine and/or blood samples. The doping control procedure is clearly defined. It is important that athletes are familiar with, exercise, and fulfill their rights and obligations when undergoing testing.
Depending on their sport and performance level, athletes and teams are assigned by Antidoping Switzerland or their international federation to what are known as testing pools. Their main purpose is to help test planning and they are relevant to the therapeutic use exemption process.
All athletes who hold a license or membership of a club or federation affiliated with Swiss Olympic may be subject to testing at any time. This also apply to athletes participating in competitions held by such organizations.
The support personnel has a key role. In addition to being a role model, it is also their role to teach the athletes the most important rules and tips. In addition, numerous anti-doping rules apply to the support personnel specifically.
Athletes and support personnel can acquire important knowledge via e-learning and videos. In addition, behavioral tips are taught in workshops in collaboration with sports federations, the FOSPO and sports schools.
Nutritional supplements present a doping risk as they may be contaminated with prohibited substances. Athletes should therefore only use nutritional supplements following an individual assessment of the benefits and risks.
There are situations in which athletes need to take a prohibited substance or use a prohibited method, as specified by the Prohibited List, for health reasons. The anti-doping rules therefore stipulate therapeutic use exemptions (TUE).
The anti-doping rules apply to all athletes who are license-holders or members of an association or federation affiliated to Swiss Olympic. The same applies to those participating in competitions run by such organizations. This applies irrespective of their level within their sport, their age, or their nationality. Numerous rules also apply to the support personnel.
Any violations of the Swiss Olympic Doping Statute may be punishable by disqualification, fines, and/or a suspension from sport. The Swiss Federal Sports Promotion Act also includes penalty clauses, which can result in prison sentences in the case of certain offenses.
The legal foundations for clean sport are laid down in federal-level laws (Federal Act on the Promotion of Sport and Exercise), on the one hand, and in the rules of sport under private law (Doping Statute of Swiss Olympic), on the other.
The Federal Act on the Promotion of Sport and Exercise (SpoPA) prohibits the importation of doping substances. This law applies to all persons staying in Switzerland, regardless of their sporting activities, i.e. it also covers non-athletes.
In Switzerland, the first “Instructions on Combatting Doping”' were issued between 1963 and 1967. At the same time, a doping laboratory was set up at the Federal Office of Sport (FOSPO) research laboratory in Magglingen.
Antidoping Switzerland is the independent center of excellence for fighting doping in Switzerland. The tasks include in particular testing, investigations, prevention work, applied research, and national and international collaboration.
The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) establishes the anti-doping rules for all countries and sports (World Anti-Doping Program). It monitors their implementation by the National Anti-Doping Organizations (e.g. Antidoping Switzerland), International Sports Federations, and certain sports organizers (e.g. the IOC).