The Swiss Olympic Doping Statute implements the World Anti-Doping Code in Switzerland. It begins by defining the bodies involved in the campaign against doping in Switzerland, and their responsibilities. The Sports Parliament, consisting of delegates from sports federations, adopts the Doping Statute. The currently valid version came into force on January 1, 2015.
The Doping Statute and its Regulatory Statutes are binding on all federations affiliated to Swiss Olympic. The anti-doping rules thus apply to all athletes who are license-holders or members of an association or federation affiliated to Swiss Olympic. The same applies to those participating in competitions run by such organizations. These athletes may thus be subject to doping controls at any time, as well as to sanctions if the circumstances warrant it. This applies irrespective of their level within their sport, their age, or their nationality.
Anti-Doping Rule Violations
Article 2 of the Swiss Olympic Doping Statute lists ten offenses that are deemed to be violations of the anti-doping provisions, and thus satisfy the definition of “doping”:
- Presence of a prohibited substance or its metabolites or markers in an athlete’s sample.
- Use or attempted use by an athlete of a prohibited substance or a prohibited method.
- Evading, refusing or failing to submit to sample collection.
- Whereabouts failure.
- Tampering or attempted tampering with any part of a doping control.
- Possession of a prohibited substance or a prohibited method.
- Trafficking or attempted trafficking in any prohibited substance or prohibited method.
- Administration or attempted administration to any athlete of any prohibited substance or prohibited method.
- Complicity (assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting, conspiring, covering up or any other type of intentional complicity involving an anti-doping rule violation, attempted anti-doping rule violation or violation by another person).
- Prohibited association by an athlete or other person subject to the authority of an anti-doping organization in a professional or sport-related capacity with any athlete support person who, if subject to the authority of an anti-doping organization, is serving a period of ineligibility or has been convicted or found in a criminal, disciplinary or professional proceeding to have engaged in conduct which would have constituted a violation of anti-doping rules.
The prohibited substances and methods listed above are defined by the World Anti-Doping Agency.
The Swiss Olympic Doping Statute is lent further detail by the following Regulatory Statutes issued by Antidoping Switzerland: